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Why is it important to know the ingredients?

What is cosmetic?

We call cosmetics to those products that we wear on our skin to enhance beauty, to clean our skin, and /or modify its external appearance without any harm. The use of these products began in Ancient Egypt, where both women and men wanted to look more beautiful with make up  and take care of their bodies with the use of cosmetics made up of natural ingredients such as aromatic plants.

During all these years, cosmetic science has evolved through high technology, and new ingredients and multiple options have been discovered. Until today, where a new challenge is presented that consists of creating products that are just as effective but that are increasingly using natural ingredients and committed to nature. And nowadays, those products that renounce to chemical components such as silicones, parabens and colorants have greater prestige.

Are natural products better?

The reason why the use of chemicals is avoided and attention is focused on the use of natural components is due to all the advantages that the use of these ingredients implies. Natural components are healthier and harmless to our skin than the use of chemicals, which can be harmful to us and also to the environment. Natural ingredients are more sustainable. Besides being rich in nutrients. Its minerals prevent premature aging without being unfavorable in the long run for our skin.

For all these reasons, it is important to know the ingredients that make up our cosmetics. As consumers, we must not forget the importance of knowing its properties and the effects of each of its active principles. In this way, we take responsibility and care about our health and the environment.

How are the ingredients divided? How to read the ingredients?

In the world of cosmetics, there are some basic ingredients that are used to fulfill specific functions in the composition of the cosmetic. For example, preservatives are used that allow the shelf life of the product to be extended, antioxidants that prevent the product to deteriorate when in contact with air, thickeners that provide a creamy texture, or emulsifiers to integrate liquids and fats.

The composition of a cosmetic is divided into different elements which can be defined in four groups: active principles, emulsifiers, correctors and preservatives.

It is mandatory to add the ingredients in any packaging in European Union, INCI, and they appear from more to lower percentage of the total composition of the product.

How are the ingredient groups divided?

  • Active ingredients
Active ingredients are the most important ingredient in a cosmetic. Its use defines the quality of a cosmetic product, as well as its function for which it has been made. The specific action it has on the skin. These substances can usually be used in small proportions, according to standards and even laws. Therefore, they must be mixed with the other three groups of components that allow them to be more pleasant or useful for our skin.

  • Emulsifiers
Their function is to act as the vehicle for the active principles in the formulation of our cosmetic. They are responsible for defining the form that our cosmetic takes. They decide if it will be a cream, a serum, an oil ... The best known and most frequent are water and glycerin.

  • Preservatives
These are added to the cosmetic composition to improve its preservation, presentation or fragrance. The most common are preservatives, colorants or essential oils such as perfumes.

  • Correctors

The correctors are used to correct the mixture of the components. They are added to the composition of the cosmetic to improve its preservation, its presentation or its fragrance. In addition, they can also regulate the fragrance of the cosmetic.

Some of the ingredients have the characteristic of being able to be part of more than one group, that is, they have different functions. For example, there are ingredients that are emulsifiers but have their own functions as active ingredients such as hydration. In relation to these four groups of elements, it can be said that the selection and the percentage of active ingredients is the most important aspect to assess the cosmetic we use. The active principles are those who define the quality and the functions of any cosmetic product.

Functions of active ingredients in cosmetics

  • Cell renewal that fights the aging process
  • Provide greater hydration
  • Provide the necessary nutrients to improve connective tissue

Active ingredients most used and most requested

  • Hyaluronic Acid
Its function is to provide hydration and rebuild the fibers that make up the tissues of our skin. Hyaluronic acid is a component that exists naturally in our skin, acts as a moisturizer and keeps our skin with a young look. However, after 25 years old the natural production starts to slow down.

  • Collagen
Keeps our skin mouisturized and firm. Also, it has a toning effect and its use stimulates our skin's own collagen production. Its main use is in anti-aging cosmetics.

  • Aloe Vera
It works as an anti-inflammatory, moisturizer and regenerator of skin tissues. Due to its benefits and properties, it has become one of the most trusted plants when it comes to caring for our skin.

  • Retinol

Retinol naturally stimulates the production of collagen and elastin in our skin. It is an active principle that has a direct effect on the good appearance of our skin. It is a potential regulator of skin fat and removes dead cells. It also acts against hyperpigmentation. It is known as Vitamin A. There is also the Bioretinol, the vegan option of Retinol and comes from plants instead of animal Kingdom.

Synthetic active ingredients

They are products that do not exist in nature. They are made with ingredients synthesized in a laboratory and can come from petroleum.

Natural active principles

From natural ingredients or of natural origin. They can be of animal origin, that is, their ingredients are extracted from animals. Or of vegetable origin, which implies that the ingredients have been extracted from plants.


We make our products paying special attention to the selection of active ingredients to achieve a greater effect and benefit for your skin. We look for a high percentage of active ingredients, and they also have to be 100% natural and vegan.

The Cool Skin commitment is not to use parabens, sulfate, GMO, or added coloring to the products.

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3 Comments
  • An*

    An* 2021-07-29 Reply

    Es verdad que cada vez tenemos que informarnos más sobre los químicos que aceptamos en nuestro cuerpo.
  • Lu**

    Lu** 2021-07-16 Reply

    Muy bien explicado
  • Ma*** *******ca

    Ma*** *******ca 2021-07-14 Reply

    Gracias thecoolskin!!! Es muy importante esta información así sabremos elegir el producto correcto según los componentes que necesitamos. No todos los fabricantes muestran los ingredientes como lo hacen ustedes. Eso nos da seguridad de la calidad de los productos de su marca.
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